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How to Potty train a Dog | Clicker Training Dogs
To teach the dog to obey basic commands you need a collar, a leash, and lots of patience. A handbook proposes the following: 1) Give a simple command, 2) show what you want the dog to do and 3) immediately give praise when the dog obeys. The tone is more important than the choice of words. A command should be given in a certain way, and praise should be given in a happy and affectionate way.
Physical punishment such as hitting or kicking the dog, does not help. Marcos, the dog trainer quoted earlier, says: I simply say sharply, ‘No’ to let the dog know that I do not like what it does. A dog is intelligent enough to understand when you compliment and when you rebuke.
If necessary, more drastic measures, you can grab the scruff of the neck and shake the dog lightly while saying No. Any correction should be administered during or immediately after the unwanted behavior. Remember that a dog can not understand what it has done wrong it can go several minutes or hours until it is corrected. The also do not understand why a particular behavior is allowed at one time but not at another. Please be consistent.
The basis for all of obedience is the command Sit! If your dog listen to the command, you can control it when it becomes active. For example, tell the dog to sit on it starts jumping up at visitors. To teach the dog to sit, you can give the command Sit! While pressing lightly on the dog’s rear and pulling his head slightly upward at the leash. Give praise immediately. Repeat these steps until the dog can sit on command.
To teach the dog to sit still, you can give the command Sit! While standing in front of the dog at arm and palm against the dog. If the dog gets up, say No and make sure it sits down again. Repeat the command and give praise when the dog remains briefly. When the dog obeys you can gradually increase the time it sits and then the distance between you and the dog.
The best way to teach a dog to come when you call it is to use a long rope and make a slight tug as you say the dog’s name and give the command Hit! Back when the dog comes to you, and give constantly praise. It will not be long until it comes when you call, without having to use the rope. If your dog runs away and do not listen to Hit! Call when it and running in the opposite direction. Many times the dog will instinctively start to chase you.